Hepatitis G virus infection in renal transplant recipients

TitleHepatitis G virus infection in renal transplant recipients
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsIsaacson AH, Bhardwaj B, Qian K, Davis GL, Kato T, Mizokami M, Lau JY
JournalJournal of viral hepatitis
Pagination151 - 60
Date PublishedMar
Type of ArticleResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
ISSN1352-0504 (Print) 1352-0504 (Linking)
Accession Number10607227
Keywords*Flaviviridae / genetics / physiology, *Kidney Transplantation, 5' Untranslated Regions / genetics, Adult, Base Sequence, Female, Hepacivirus / genetics / physiology, Hepatitis C / epidemiology / virology, Hepatitis, Viral, Human / *epidemiology / virology, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Molecular Sequence Data, Phylogeny, Prevalence, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, RNA, Viral / *blood, Sequence Analysis, DNA

To determine the prevalence and clinical significance of hepatitis G virus (HGV)/GB virus C (GBV-C) infection in renal transplant recipients, prospectively collected serum samples from a cohort of cadaveric renal transplant patients were studied for the presence of HGV RNA using a sensitive reverse transcription 'nested'-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) based on primers derived from the 5' untranslated region. All positive PCR amplicons were sequenced bidirectionally and aligned. The nucleotide substitution rate was estimated by the 6-parameter method, and a phylogenetic tree was constructed using the Neighbour-joining method. HGV RNA was detected in 11/93 (12%) patients pretransplant and in 15/90 (17%) patients 1-4 years post-transplant. All PCR amplicons were confirmed to be specific for HGV by sequencing. Phylogenetic tree construction revealed that 17 PCR amplicons had sequences related to HGV and one had a sequence related to GBV-C. Two HGV RNA-positive patients pretransplant became HGV RNA negative post-transplant, and seven HGV RNA-negative patients pretransplant became HGV RNA positive post-transplant. There was no relationship between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and HGV infection. There were also no differences in age, gender distribution, ethnic origin, the total number of blood units transfused and either graft or patient survival between patients who were positive or negative for HGV RNA. We conclude that HGV infection is common among renal transplant candidates and recipients. Most of the isolates had sequences related to the HGV prototype. HGV infection does not appear to adversely affect clinical outcome in renal transplant recipients during early follow-up.

Alternate JournalJ Viral Hepat
Notify Library Reference ID718

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