Clostridium infections associated with musculoskeletal-tissue allografts

TitleClostridium infections associated with musculoskeletal-tissue allografts
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsKainer MA, Linden JV, Whaley DN, Holmes HT, Jarvis WR, Jernigan DB, Archibald LK
JournalN Engl J Med
Pagination2564 - 71
Date PublishedJun 17
ISSN1533-4406 (Electronic) 0028-4793 (Linking)
Accession Number15201413
Keywords*Disease Transmission, Infectious, Adolescent, Adult, Clostridium / *isolation & purification, Clostridium Infections / epidemiology / *transmission, Disinfection, Female, Femur / microbiology / *transplantation, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, New York, risk, Tendons / microbiology / *transplantation, Tissue Banks / standards, Tissue Transplantation / adverse effects, Transplantation, Homologous / adverse effects, United States / epidemiology

BACKGROUND: Allografts are commonly used in orthopedic reconstructive surgery. In 2001, approximately 875,000 musculoskeletal allografts were distributed by U.S. tissue banks. After the death from Clostridium sordellii sepsis of a 23-year-old man who had received a contaminated allograft from a tissue bank (Tissue Bank A), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention initiated an investigation, including enhanced case finding, of the methods used for the recovery, processing, and testing of tissue. METHODS: A case of allograft-associated clostridium infection was defined as a culture-proven infection of a surgical site within one year after allograft implantation, from January 1998 to March 2002. We traced tissues to tissue banks that recovered and processed these tissues. We also estimated the rates of and risk ratios for clostridium infections for tissues processed by the implicated tissue bank and reviewed processing and testing methods used by various tissue banks. RESULTS: Fourteen patients were identified, all of whom had received allografts processed by Tissue Bank A. The rates of clostridium infection were 0.12 percent among patients who received sports-medicine tissues (i.e., tendons, femoral condyles, menisci) from Tissue Bank A and 0.36 percent among those who received femoral condyles in particular. The risk-ratio estimates for clostridium infections from tissues processed by Tissue Bank A, as compared with those from other tissue banks, were infinite (P

DOI10.1056/NEJMoa023222 350/25/2564 [pii]
Notify Library Reference ID749

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